Healthy muscles are a carrot on a string for healthy lungs — ScienceDaily

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease caused by long-term inhalation of harmful gases such as cigarette smoke. Scientists have recognized deterioration of muscle tissue, known as, as a secondary effect of damaged lungs. This frailty makes it difficult for individuals to move around and exercise, which is turn worsens the state of their lungs, causing an endless downward spiral in overall health.

Exercise therapy is the only established treatment for the skeletal muscle complications of COPD, however, depending on the severity of sarcopenia frailty in the patient, such treatment may not be possible. This imbalance has become an urgent issue to address. Ninjin’yoeito is a carrot-based Japanese herbal medicine commonly given to people recovering from anorexia and physical weakness after illness or surgery for its supplementary effect in restoring physical strength. Also, the medicine has been seen to improve muscle mass loss in aging mice through the

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Kuo: Apple’s major product lines enjoy healthy demand in Q4, but AirPods shipments muted

TF Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo in a note to investors on Tuesday reported stronger than expected demand for the tech giant’s major device lines, including high-end iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max models.

According to a recent survey, demand for Apple’s top-tier iPhone 12 models, the new iPad Air, Apple Watch Series 6 and SE, and M1 MacBook models is better than expected moving into the lucrative holiday season, Kuo said. The analyst references a number of previous predictions regarding future products, including new M1 MacBook Pro variants and “AirPods 3.”

The analyst is tracking positive momentum for Apple’s important iPhone business despite lower than expected demand for iPhone 12 and 12 mini, with increased interest in the high-end iPhone 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max picking up the slack. Those trends should carry forward into the first half of 2021 and toward an anticipated refresh cycle

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Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adults — ScienceDaily

The brains of healthy adults recovered faster from a mild vascular challenge and performed better on complex tests if the participants consumed cocoa flavanols beforehand, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports. In the study, 14 of 18 participants saw these improvements after ingesting the flavanols.

Previous studies have shown that eating foods rich in flavanols can benefit vascular function, but this is the first to find a positive effect on brain vascular function and cognitive performance in young healthy adults, said Catarina Rendeiro, a researcher and lecturer in nutritional sciences at the University of Birmingham who led the research with University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign psychology professors Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton.

“Flavanols are small molecules found in many fruits and vegetables, and cocoa, too,” Rendeiro said. “They give fruits and vegetables their bright colors, and they are known to benefit vascular function. We wanted to know whether

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Healthy demand suggests iPhone 12 ‘supercycle’ is underway, analyst says

The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro “supercycle” is currently underway for Apple, according to supply checks carried out by investment firm Wedbush.

In a note to investors seen by AppleInsider, Wedbush analyst Daniel Ives says that recent Asia checks have been “incrementally bullish” around iPhone 12 demand in the U.S. and in China. Ives is currently predicting that Apple suppliers will ship 80 million iPhone 12 units in the initial launch period, with sales just less than 90 million possible, but on the outside edge of the prediction model.

Wedbush is seeing a “clear tick up” for demand around the iPhone 12 Pro models, with indications that the 6.1-inch variant is currently the “star of the show.” Demand for the iPhone 12 Pro Max is also very strong, however, and Ives notes that this bodes well for Apple’s average selling price (ASP) heading into 2021.

In late October,

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How Kind Turned 17 Years, 8 Product Lines, and a Love for Healthy Snacking into a $5 Billion Exit

Seventeen years after launching Kind, founder Daniel Lubetzky has found his exit strategy.

The New York City-based maker of Kind bars will be acquired by snack food and petcare giant Mars, the companies announced on Tuesday. The deal has been oft-rumored ever since Mars, one of the largest privately-held companies in the U.S., purchased a minority stake in Kind Snacks back in 2017. While terms of the agreement remain undisclosed, the New York Times estimates the acquisition cost at roughly $5 billion.

The Kind story has long been one of perseverance: After launching in 2003, the business weathered the storm of the Great Recession to become a healthy-snacking powerhouse, ranking No. 889 on the Inc. 5000 list of fastest-growing companies in the U.S. in 2012. The company made $719 million in revenue last year, according to estimates from private research firm PrivCo, while selling eight product lines across 35 countries.

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Healthy sleep habits help lower risk of heart failure — ScienceDaily

Adults with the healthiest sleep patterns had a 42% lower risk of heart failure regardless of other risk factors compared to adults with unhealthy sleep patterns, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. Healthy sleep patterns are rising in the morning, sleeping 7-8 hours a day and having no frequent insomnia, snoring or excessive daytime sleepiness.

Heart failure affects more than 26 million people, and emerging evidence indicates sleep problems may play a role in the development of heart failure.

This observational study examined the relationship between healthy sleep patterns and heart failure and included data on 408,802 UK Biobank participants, ages 37 to 73 at the time of recruitment (2006-2010). Incidence of heart failure was collected until April 1, 2019. Researchers recorded 5,221 cases of heart failure during a median follow-up of 10 years.

Researchers analyzed sleep quality as well as

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Dry food or raw? Diet affects skin gene expression in both healthy and atopic dogs — ScienceDaily

Researchers from the University of Helsinki, Finland, examined 48 Staffordshire Bull Terriers, of which eight dogs — four healthy and four atopic — were selected for RNA sequencing where their skin gene expression was compared between both atopic and healthy dogs as well as between dogs that ate dry food or raw food.

The diet appears to make a great difference in skin gene expression.

“Before the dietary intervention comparing atopic and healthy dogs, only a total of eight genes functioning in a range of ways in the skin were found, but the intervention increased this figure manifold. In other words, dietary intervention is extremely important for actual differences in gene expression to emerge,” says researcher Johanna Anturaniemi from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki.

The effect of the diet on skin gene expression was mostly associated with the immune system, antioxidants and inflammatory processes. Raw food appeared

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How Smart Technology Can Help Create Healthy School Buildings

Improving Air Quality and Maintaining Social Distancing

Improving air filtration and ventilation in schools can help mitigate the potential airborne transmission of COVID-19, says Joseph Allen, director of the Healthy Buildings Program at Harvard’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health, in an interview with The Wall Street Journal.

Strategies such as increasing outdoor air ventilation, filtering indoor air and using portable air cleaners with HEPA filters are all key elements of that work, according to the program’s report on risk reduction strategies for reopening schools.

School and district leaders should also consider verifying ventilation and filtration performance and adopting advanced techniques for maintaining air quality, according to the report.

For example, smart HVAC systems, which are energy-efficient and cost-effective, have sensors that can remotely monitor and control humidity, temperature and indoor air quality, and check the level of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. Data collected from these sensors can

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Researchers examine the decline in average body temperature among healthy adults over the past two decades

Researchers examine the decline in average body temperature among healthy adults over the past two decades
A Tsimane family in a traditional house with no walls. Credit: Michael Gurven

In the nearly two centuries since German physician Carl Wunderlich established 98.6°F (37 C) as the standard “normal” body temperature, it has been used by parents and doctors alike as the measure by which fevers—and often the severity of illness—have been assessed.

Over time, however, and in more recent years, lower body temperatures have been widely reported in healthy adults. A 2017 study among 35,000 adults in the United Kingdom found average body temperature to be lower (97.9°F / 36.6 C), and a 2019 study showed that the normal body temperature in Americans (those in Palo Alto, California, anyway) is about 97.5°F (36.4 C).

A multinational team of physicians, anthropologists and local researchers led by Michael Gurven, UC Santa Barbara professor of anthropology and chair of the campus’s Integrative Anthropological Sciences Unit, and Thomas Kraft, a postdoctoral

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Australian scientists find huge new healthy coral reef off northern coast

SYDNEY (Reuters) – Australian scientists found a detached coral reef on the Great Barrier Reef that exceeds the height of the Empire State Building and the Eiffel Tower, the Schmidt Ocean Institute said this week, the first such discovery in over 100 years.

The “blade like” reef is nearly 500 metres tall and 1.5 kilometres wide, said the institute founded by ex-Google boss Eric Schmidt and his wife Wendy. It lies 40 metres below the ocean surface and about six kilometres from the edge of Great Barrier Reef.

A team of scientists from James Cook University, led by Dr. Robin Beaman, were mapping the northern seafloor of the Great Barrier Reef on board the institute’s research vessel Falkor, when they found the reef on Oct. 20.

“We are surprised and elated by what we have found,” said Beaman.

He said it was the first detached reef of that size to

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