The pandemic reimagined sub-Saharan education, but access to digital is urgently needed

When Fiona Mavhinga was growing up in rural Zimbabwe, she woke at 4 a.m. and walked five kilometers (three miles) to school. She attended a full day of lessons and returned home in the evenings to tend the family vegetable plot.



a man sitting on a table: A teacher and student meet outside, wearing masks and maintaining social distancing.


© CAMFED/Joseph Assah Mills & Victor Boateng
A teacher and student meet outside, wearing masks and maintaining social distancing.

To make ends meet, she worked weekends, selling vegetables at the local market. On many occasions, Mavhinga was sent home from school for not paying her fees.

Despite these challenges, she finished her education and used a bursary from a charitable organization to study law. She practiced in the capital, Harare, for three years before going on to work for the Bank of Zimbabwe.



a person sitting in a chair: Camfed programmes officer, Diris, at the radio station to discuss Covid-19 and education.


© CAMFED
Camfed programmes officer, Diris, at the radio station to discuss Covid-19 and education.

“My story is proof of what education does in rural communities,

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Good uptake (8 out of 10 people) will likely be needed to achieve herd immunity through vaccination — ScienceDaily

Governments should consider incentivising people to get a COVID-19 jab, when the vaccine becomes available, to achieve the required level of herd immunity — which could be up to 80%+ of the population — and stamp out the infection, argues a leading ethicist in an opinion piece accepted for publication in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

The incentive could be either financial or ‘payment in kind’, such as being allowed to forego the need to wear a facemask in public, he suggests.

Given the rising global death toll and the far reaching health and economic consequences of the pandemic, there have been calls, including in the UK, to mandate COVID-19 vaccination, if and when a jab is approved, points out the author, Professor Julian Savulescu, Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford.

In general, vaccination should be voluntary, he says. But there is a strong case for

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Glass Shortage Threatens Solar Panels Needed for Climate Fix

(Bloomberg) — The world’s biggest solar power company says a shortage of glass is raising costs and delaying production of new panels, throwing a wrench into China’s plans to accelerate its shift to clean power.

Prices for glass that coats photovoltaic panels have risen 71% since July, and manufacturers are struggling to produce it fast enough to keep more than a week’s worth of sales in inventory, according to Daiwa Capital Markets. The shortage comes as the solar industry turns toward bifacial panels, which increase both power output and glass requirements.



chart: Xinyi's shares have soared as solar glass demand rises


© Bloomberg
Xinyi’s shares have soared as solar glass demand rises

Solar panel producers like Longi Green Energy Technology Co. have asked the government in China, home to most solar manufacturing, to address the situation by approving new factories. Otherwise price hikes risk making solar power too expensive and halting the industry’s momentum.

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“If solar power generators

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Sci-tech innovation needed more than ever for development: official



a room filled with luggage


© Provided by N.C.N. Limited


Photo taken on Oct. 21, 2020 shows an inside view of a new type of high-speed train which can run on different rail systems in Changchun, northeast China’s Jilin Province. (Xinhua/Zhang Nan)

BEIJING, Oct. 30 (Xinhua) — China needs sci-tech innovation solutions more than ever in implementing the new development philosophy, promoting quality development and building a new development pattern, a senior official said Friday.

“Only by relying on sci-tech innovation can we create opportunities during the crisis, expand new space for development and shape new development advantages,” Wang Zhigang, Minister of Science and Technology, said at a press conference held by the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.

The newly-released communique of the fifth plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee stressed that China will uphold the central role of innovation in its modernization drive and implement an innovation-driven strategy.

China will

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Target just launched a slew of new safety procedures for the holidays, including new technology that lets customers check for lines outside of stores and reserve spots if needed



a person standing in front of a car: AP


© AP
AP

  • Target will now monitor lines outside stores in the case that a store is at capacity, and customers can reserve a spot in line. 
  • The retailer will also expand curbside and in-store pickup in order to accommodate holiday shoppers. 
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

On Thursday, Target unveiled some new procedures ahead of the holiday shopping season. 

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The company released its newest guidelines for shoppers, including technology that will allow customers to see if there is a line outside the store, and reserve a spot if needed. 

The feature allows customers to enter their location, and trackers will be able to report if there is a line or not. A list is given to the customer, so they can choose whichever location works best. Customers will also get a notification when it is their turn to enter the store, if the store is

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Forget Antitrust Laws. To Limit Tech, Some Say a New Regulator Is Needed.

For decades, America’s antitrust laws — originally designed to curb the power of 19th-century corporate giants in railroads, oil and steel — have been hailed as “the Magna Carta of free enterprise” and have proved remarkably durable and adaptable.

But even as the Justice Department filed an antitrust suit against Google on Tuesday for unlawfully maintaining a monopoly in search and search advertising, a growing number of legal experts and economists have started questioning whether traditional antitrust is up to the task of addressing the competitive concerns raised by today’s digital behemoths. Further help, they said, is needed.

Antitrust cases typically proceed at the stately pace of the courts, with trials and appeals that can drag on for years. Those delays, the legal experts and economists said, would give Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple a free hand to become even more entrenched in the markets they dominate.

A more rapid-response

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