Report outlines route toward better jobs, wider prosperity

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Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Decades of technological change have polarized the earnings of the American workforce, helping highly educated white-collar workers thrive, while hollowing out the middle class. Yet present-day advances like robots and artificial intelligence do not spell doom for middle-tier or lower-wage workers, since innovations create jobs as well. With better policies in place, more people could enjoy good careers even as new tech transforms workplaces.


That’s the conclusion of the final report from MIT’s Task Force on the Work of the Future, which summarizes over two years of research on technology and jobs. The report, “The Work of the Future: Building Better Jobs in an Age of Intelligent Machines,” has been released today, and the task force is hosting an online conference on Wednesday, the “AI & the Future of Work Congress.”

At the core of the task force’s findings: A robot-driven jobs apocalypse is not on

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New study outlines steps higher education should take to prepare a new quantum workforce

New study outlines steps higher education should take to prepare a new quantum workforce
An interdisciplinary team of students conduct quantum research in an integrated photonics laboratory. Credit: A. Sue Weisler

A new study outlines ways colleges and universities can update their curricula to prepare the workforce for a new wave of quantum technology jobs. Three researchers, including Rochester Institute of Technology Associate Professor Ben Zwickl, suggested steps that need to be taken in a new paper in Physical Review Physics Education Research after interviewing managers at more than 20 quantum technology companies across the U.S.


The study’s authors from University of Colorado Boulder and RIT set out to better understand the types of entry-level positions that exist in these companies and the educational pathways that might lead into those jobs. They found that while the companies still seek employees with traditional STEM degrees, they want the candidates to have a grasp of fundamental concepts in quantum information science and technology.

“For a lot

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U.S. Space Force outlines practices, priorities

Nov. 9 (UPI) — A 16-page plan, written by U.S. Space Force chief Gen. John Raymond to outline the new service branch’s management practices, was revealed by the branch on Monday.

“Chief of Space Operations’ Planning Guidance” is a formal guide to Raymond’s vision for the Space Force and provides the framework for its management, priorities and identity, Space Force officials said.

The branch was first organized in 2019 as part of the U.S. Air Force, before its formal establishment as the 6th branch of the U.S. military in December 2019.

Raymond was sworn in as head of the branch in January.

“I expect all uniformed and civilian space professionals, and USAF personnel assigned to USSF units and staffs, to read and begin implementing this guidance immediately,” Raymond wrote in the new document.

Itemized priorities include empowerment of a “lean and agile service,” development of warfighters, delivery of relevant new

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Modi government outlines new science technology, innovation policy, focuses on bringing back diaspora

Dr. Harsh Vardhan said that STIP 2020 is aiming to create a long-term pathway for scientists and students.

India has begun preparations to bring in Science Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) 2020. Along with the “landmark policy initiative”, the Central government has emphasized building “policy level mechanisms” and creating opportunities to attract bright talents among Indian diaspora back home, Union Minister Harsh Vardhan said. Dr. Vradhan has disclosed that the prime objective of STIP 2020 is to decentralize the policy designing and transform it into an inclusive process.

STIP 2020 focuses on the development of technology and research methods. Apart from making socio-economic progress, the STIP 2020 aims at fulfilling the aspirations of lakhs of budding scientists and young students, Dr. Vardhan said while chairing policy consultation with the Indian diaspora and seeking their contributions to the upcoming policy on Science and Technology.

Dr. Vardhan has also outlined that the

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New report outlines international approach to lunar exploration

WASHINGTON — An updated version of a study developed by an international working group backs an approach to lunar exploration that largely follows NASA’s Artemis plans to return humans to the moon in 2024.

The International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG), a group of 24 space agencies, released an updated version of its “Global Exploration Roadmap” report in August with little fanfare. The document offers what the group called a “a shared international vision for human and robotic space exploration,” although one that is not binding on member agencies.

The new report, an update of a version published in 2018, reflects “new national priorities and intensified and accelerated lunar exploration plans” by member nations announced since that earlier report. While not explicitly stated, that would include the United States, which in March 2019 moved up the date for a human return to the lunar surface by four years, from 2028

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China outlines architecture for future crewed moon landings

HELSINKI — China has outlined a proposed architecture for getting astronauts to the moon and back as part of plans for long-term lunar exploration.

A presentation at the 2020 China Space Conference in September details infrastructure including a new launch vehicle, new-generation spacecraft and a lunar lander, along with a potential lunar orbit module and crewed roving vehicle.

The prospective mission profile laid out in the presentation involves separate launches of crewed spacecraft and a lunar landing stack. The two would then rendezvous and dock once in lunar orbit before descending to the lunar surface. 

A service module would remain in low lunar orbit and rendezvous with an ascent vehicle designed to carry astronauts from the moon’s surface. 

There is no official word from China stating that a crewed lunar landing program has been approved. No timeline was offered at the event held in Fuzhou, capital of Fujian province.

However

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