Scientists are getting closer to figuring out how to synthesize a plant pigment that could have medicinal uses — ScienceDaily

Nagoya University scientists have furthered understanding of how plants make a common pigment that might have medicinal applications. They published their findings in the journal Scientific Reports.

“We studied black soybeans and found a new biosynthetic precursor of the most common anthocyanin in plants,” says Kumi Yoshida of Nagoya University, who led the study and specializes in natural products chemistry.

Anthocyanins are plant pigments with anti-oxidant activities. They are responsible for many of the red through purple to blue colors found in flowers, fruits, vegetables and roots. Scientists are currently researching their medicinal potential for treating metabolic diseases like diabetes and obesity. But so far, anthocyanins can only be extracted from plants. Scientists want to be able to synthesize large amounts of the pure compounds to accelerate research into their potential benefits, which requires understanding how plants make them.

The most common anthocyanin is cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (Cy3G). Scientists

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After 100 years, Cornell University plant pathologists revisit fire blight hypothesis

After 100 years, Cornell University plant pathologists revisit fire blight hypothesis
Fly feeding on the ooze droplet in the experimental chamber. Credit: Matthew Boucher

Historically credited as being the first bacterium ever characterized as a plant pathogen, fire blight is a bacterial disease that leads to significant losses of pear and apple. The role of insects in the spread of this disease has been long studied. In a new study, plant pathologists based at Cornell University and Cornell AgriTech take a hypothesis that has been more or less ignored for 100 years and provided support for its validity.


According to first author Matthew Boucher, the study describes a long hypothesized but never experimentally supported transmission mechanism for fire blight. Boucher and colleagues show that flies in an apple orchard can acquire the bacterial agent (Erwinia amylovora) of fire blight from sugary droplets exuding from diseased apple trees and subsequently transmit the bacterium to uninfected shoots so long as those

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Grande West Partners with Hinduja Tech for Buy America Compliant Manufacturing Plant

VANCOUVER, BC / ACCESSWIRE / December 1, 2020 / Grande West Transportation Group Inc. (TSXV:BUS) (OTCQX:GWTNF) (FRA:6LG) (“Grande West” or the “Company”), a Canadian manufacturer of mid-sized multi-purpose transit vehicles sold in Canada and the United States, is pleased to announce that it has entered into a contract with Hinduja Tech Inc. for the design and engineering plans for its new American operational facility and headquarters.

Grande West Transportation intends to design and develop a brand new bus manufacturing facility in the State of Washington, USA, (please see news release from November 4, 2020 Here) with aggressive timelines to launch their new bus production activities. Grande West chose to partner with Hinduja Tech Inc., an Integrated Engineering and Digital Technology & Solutions Provider, to design a new manufacturing facility for the development of affordable, Buy-America compliant buses geared toward U.S. markets.

“Grande West has ambitious plans to open a USA

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Catalogue vastly expands global knowledge of plant diversity — ScienceDaily

Leipzig could mean for the future of plant taxonomy what Greenwich meant for world time until 1972: it could become the reference city for correct scientific plant names. In an outstanding feat of research, the curator of the Botanical Garden of Leipzig University, Dr Martin Freiberg, and colleagues from iDiv and UL have compiled what is now the largest and most complete list of scientific names of all known plant species in the world. The Leipzig Catalogue of Vascular Plants (LCVP) enormously updates and expands existing knowledge on the naming of plant species, and could replace The Plant List (TPL) — a catalogue created by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London which until now has been the most important reference source for plant researchers.

“In my daily work at the Botanical Garden, I regularly come across species names that are not clear, where existing reference lists have gaps,” said

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Microbes help unlock phosphorus for plant growth — ScienceDaily

Phosphorus is a necessary nutrient for plants to grow. But when it’s applied to plants as part of a chemical fertilizer, phosphorus can react strongly with minerals in the soil, forming complexes with iron, aluminum and calcium. This locks up the phosphorus, preventing plants from being able to access this crucial nutrient.

To overcome this, farmers often apply an excess of chemical fertilizers to agricultural crops, leading to phosphorus buildup in soils. The application of these fertilizers, which contain chemicals other than just phosphorus, also leads to harmful agricultural runoff that can pollute nearby aquatic ecosystems.

Now a research team led by the University of Washington and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has shown that microbes taken from trees growing beside pristine mountain-fed streams in Western Washington could make phosphorus trapped in soils more accessible to agricultural crops. The findings were published in October in the journal Frontiers in Plant Science

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Genes that give plant nucleus its shape discovered, also regulate copper tolerance — ScienceDaily

Researchers at the University of Tokyo have identified how the architecture of the cell nucleus can change gene activity in plants. This discovery reveals fundamental knowledge about genome regulation and points towards future methods for potentially manipulating the expression of many genes simultaneously.

The long strands of DNA and the protein machinery needed to turn gene expression on or off are contained, floating within the nuclei of cells. The nucleus is essentially a sack made of a flexible, double-membrane envelope that is supported by an inner, fine-mesh frame of proteins called the nuclear lamina.

“DNA does not drift aimlessly within the nucleus. We expect that there is nonrandom spatial positioning of genes around the nuclear lamina,” said Professor Sachihiro Matsunaga who led the research project from the University of Tokyo Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, recently published in Nature Communications.

Gene regulation is often studied at the one-dimensional level

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Google’s new tool helps cities plant trees to combat the climate crisis

googletrees

Google is scoping out tree coverage in Los Angeles.


Google

Google is working on bringing more shade to help cool our cities as the climate crisis worsens. The new Tree Canopy Lab combines artificial intelligence and aerial imaging to help cities see where there are gaps in their tree coverage and tree planting projects. Cities will then know where to plant more trees, Google said.

Google is working with the City of Los Angeles on the project, and said it plans to make insights from Tree Canopy Lab available to hundreds of cities in the next year. 

“Extreme temperatures are becoming more common in cities where concrete and infrastructure are now creating heat islands — areas that experience higher temperatures, leading to poor air quality, dehydration and other public health concerns,” Google

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Google wants to help cities plant trees to combat the climate crisis

googletrees

Google is scoping out tree coverage in Los Angeles.


Google

Google is working on bringing more shade to help cool our cities as the climate crisis worsens. The new Tree Canopy Lab combines artificial intelligence and aerial imaging to help cities see where there are gaps in their tree coverage and tree planting projects. Cities will then know where to plant more trees, Google said.

Google is working with the City of Los Angeles on the project.

“Extreme temperatures are becoming more common in cities where concrete and infrastructure are now creating heat islands — areas that experience higher temperatures, leading to poor air quality, dehydration and other public health concerns,” Google said in a blog post Wednesday. “Trees are increasingly seen as a solution to both lowering street-level temperatures while improving

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Power Plant Boiler Market Research Report by Process, by Technology, by Fuel Type – Global Forecast to 2025

Power Plant Boiler Market Research Report by Process (Fluidized bed combustion and Pulverized fuel combustion), by Technology (Subcritical, Supercritical, and Ultra-critical), by Fuel Type – Global Forecast to 2025 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19

New York, Nov. 17, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report “Power Plant Boiler Market Research Report by Process, by Technology, by Fuel Type – Global Forecast to 2025 – Cumulative Impact of COVID-19” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p05987888/?utm_source=GNW

The Global Power Plant Boiler Market is expected to grow from USD 15,840.79 Million in 2019 to USD 22,305.56 Million by the end of 2025 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.86%.

Market Segmentation & Coverage:
This research report categorizes the Power Plant Boiler to forecast the revenues and analyze the trends in each of the following sub-markets:

Based on Process , the Power Plant Boiler Market studied across Fluidized bed combustion and Pulverized

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Why NASA wants to put a nuclear power plant on the moon

  • NASA and the U.S. Department of Energy will seek proposals from industry to build nuclear power plants on the moon and Mars to support its long-term exploration plans.
  • The goal is to have a flight system, lander and reactor in place by 2026.
  • The facility will be fully manufactured and assembled on Earth, and tested for safety.
  • The nuclear power plants will provide enough electrical power to establish an outpost on the moon or Mars.



Illustration of a nuclear fission power system concept on the Moon.


© Provided by CNBC
Illustration of a nuclear fission power system concept on the Moon.

NASA and the U.S. Department of Energy will seek proposals from industry to build a nuclear power plant on the moon and Mars to support its long-term exploration plans. The proposal is for a fission surface power system, and the goal is to have a flight system, lander and reactor in place by 2026.

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Anthony Calomino, NASA’s nuclear

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