Mars colonists could get fuel and oxygen from water on the Red Planet

Colonists on Mars could one day generate fuel and oxygen from saltwater on the Red Planet, a new study finds.



An artist's illustration of astronauts mining water on Mars.


© Provided by Space
An artist’s illustration of astronauts mining water on Mars.

The novel technology behind this advance could also help submarines generate oxygen from seawater on Earth, researchers said.

In order to live on Mars, any potential colonists will need oxygen to breathe and fuels such as hydrogen gas to power their equipment. Any water they find on the Red Planet will therefore prove invaluable, as they can use electricity and other methods to break water down into both hydrogen and oxygen.

Related: How living on Mars could challenge colonists (infographic) 

“Mars is a long way out there, and we are limited in the amount of stuff we can bring with us, so if we can utilize resources already present there, that’s more economical and more viable

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Apple dedicates 100% of Product Red eligible proceeds to COVID-19 relief through next June

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Apple

Head to the Apple homepage today, and you’ll notice a whole lot of the color red. The tech giant is promoting its Product (Red) line of gadgets and expanding its partnership with the Red nonprofit. From now through June 30, 2021, all eligible proceeds from the line will go to The Global Fund’s COVID-19 response. Additionally, Apple will shave $1 off of every purchase made through Dec. 7 either with Apple Pay, on apple.com, in the Apple App Store or at a physical Apple Store to give to the same cause.

The Product (Red) line includes an iPhone 12, an iPhone 12 Mini and an Apple Watch Series 6, among others. Each device features a stark red design that may be familiar from earlier collaborations. Apple has worked with the Red nonprofit since 2006 to combat HIV/AIDS in vulnerable regions on the African continent. This year, Apple redirected

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Samsung’s Note 20 5G and Z Flip 5G now available in festive red and white colors

Samsung’s Galaxy Note 20 5G and Z Flip 5G are available in a pair of new colors in the US starting today, the company has announced. The Note 20 5G is now available in red, while the Z Flip 5G is available in white. Both colors are being produced in “limited quantities,” Samsung says, and there’s no difference in specs or pricing between these and the original models.



a close up of a suitcase: The Note 20 5G (left) is getting a new red color, while the Z Flip 5G (right) will be sold in white.


© Image: Samsung
The Note 20 5G (left) is getting a new red color, while the Z Flip 5G (right) will be sold in white.

For those keeping track, these are the fourth and third colors for the Note 20 5G and the Z Flip 5G, respectively. The Note 20 5G is currently available in copper, green, and gray, while the Z Flip 5G is available in copper and gray. Although they’re not getting the new colors, the Ultra version of the

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Helicopter Pilots Spot Sci-Fi-Looking Object In Utah’s Red Rock Country : NPR

This monolith was discovered in rural Utah, but officials do not know its source or reason for being installed.

Utah Department of Public Safety


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Utah Department of Public Safety

This monolith was discovered in rural Utah, but officials do not know its source or reason for being installed.

Utah Department of Public Safety

State officials were flying over southeastern Utah looking for sheep as part of a routine task. Instead they found something straight out of a sci-fi movie.

From a helicopter, officers from the Utah Department of Public Safety spotted a large metal monolith — a single block of metal — last week. It was sitting in Utah’s Red Rock Country in the southeast. Officials have no idea how or when it got there — or who might have placed it.

“That’s been about the strangest thing that I’ve come across out there in all

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Nichia will offer LEDs based on GE Current’s TriGain narrowband red phosphor

A new push from Nichia will incorporate GE Current’s TriGain red phosphor technology into some packaged LEDs for improved color quality in general illumination. (Photo credit: Image courtesy of GE Current, a Daintree company.)

A new push from Nichia will incorporate GE Current’s TriGain red phosphor technology into some packaged LEDs for improved color quality in general illumination. (Photo credit: Image courtesy of GE Current, a Daintree company.)

GE Current and Nichia have jointly announced a licensing agreement that will enable Nichia to sell LEDs into the open general lighting market that utilize the TriGain red phosphor originally developed at GE Lighting. TriGain delivers a very narrow emission band that results in the ability of an LED to deliver warm CCT and high color rendering scores with no efficacy penalty. Until now, GE Current alone has sold TriGain-based solid-state lighting (SSL) products into general illumination applications, but now Nichia will offer such components globally.

Back in 2015, the company that was then called GE Lighting made a major lighting quality push at the LightFair International event touting the benefits of TriGain. The narrow emission

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Ancient zircon minerals from Mars reveal the elusive internal structure of the red planet — ScienceDaily

The uranium-bearing mineral zircon is an abundant constituent of Earth’s continental crust, providing information about the age and origin of the continents and large geological features such as mountain chains and giant volcanoes. But unlike Earth, Mars’s crust is not evolved and is compositionally similar to the crust found under the Earth’s oceans, where zircon is rare. Therefore, zircon is not expected to be a common mineral on Mars.

“We were quite surprised and excited when we found so many zircons in this martian meteorite. Zircon are incredible durable crystals that can be dated and preserve information that tell us about their origins. Having access to so many zircons is like opening a time window into the geologic history of planet,” describes Professor Martin Bizzarro from the GLOBE Institute, who led the study.

The team investigated the ancient Martian meteorite NWA 7533, dubbed “Black Beauty,” which was discovered in the

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How water fled the red planet — ScienceDaily

Mars once had oceans but is now bone-dry, leaving many to wonder how the water was lost. University of Arizona researchers have discovered a surprisingly large amount of water in the upper atmosphere of Mars, where it is rapidly destroyed, explaining part of this Martian mystery.

Shane Stone, a graduate student in the UArizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory and lead author of a new paper published today in Science, describes himself as a planetary chemist. Once a laboratory chemist who helped to develop polymers that could be used to wrap and deliver therapeutic drugs more efficiently, he now studies the chemistry of planetary atmospheres.

Since 2014, he has worked on the NASA MAVEN mission, short for Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN. The MAVEN spacecraft began orbiting Mars in 2014 and has been recording the composition of the upper atmosphere of Earth’s planetary neighbor ever since.

“We know that billions

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How water fled the red planet

Escape from Mars: how water fled the red planet
This artist’s concept depicts the early Martian environment (right) – believed to contain liquid water and a thicker atmosphere – versus the cold, dry environment seen at Mars today (left). Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

Mars once had oceans but is now bone-dry, leaving many to wonder how the water was lost. University of Arizona researchers have discovered a surprisingly large amount of water in the upper atmosphere of Mars, where it is rapidly destroyed, explaining part of this Martian mystery.


Shane Stone, a graduate student in the UArizona Lunar and Planetary Laboratory and lead author of a new paper published today in Science, describes himself as a planetary chemist. Once a laboratory chemist who helped to develop polymers that could be used to wrap and deliver therapeutic drugs more efficiently, he now studies the chemistry of planetary atmospheres.

Since 2014, he has worked on the NASA MAVEN

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3 Red Flags for Inovio Pharmaceuticals’ Future

In the early days of the coronavirus pandemic, Inovio Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ:INO) was an exciting frontrunner in the vaccine race. The company garnered attention after it claimed to have created its candidate, DNA vaccine INO-4800, within three hours of receiving the genetic sequence of SARS-CoV-2 from a team of Chinese researchers. Fast-forward 10 months, and it’s clear that Inovio significantly lags behind peers such as Moderna, Pfizer, and AstraZeneca, who already have phase 3 clinical trials underway.

Indeed, Inovio stock is now down nearly 70% from its peak as investors are arguably dismayed over the pace of Inovio’s vaccine development. However, more concerning factors behind the company’s rapid fall from grace still linger, and they point to a bleak future. Today let’s take a look at why investors should be in no hurry to buy Inovio’s stock on the dip.

Vials with the words covid-19 vaccine on them

Image source: Getty Images.

1. The lack of

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Red Dead Redemption 2 Sales Surge As GTA Online Sets More Records

Take-Two, the company that owns Rockstar Games and 2K Games, released its latest earnings report this week, and in particular, Red Dead Redemption II and Grand Theft Auto V are doing very well.

Red Dead Redemption 2 net bookings–that is, how much money Take-Two made from the game–jumped by 124 percent during the July-September quarter. This include 106 percent growth in full-game sales, Take-Two said. It would appear that, like many other games, Red Dead Redemption II enjoyed a surge in sales as people continued to stay home during COVID-19 lockdowns.

In conjunction with the spike in sales, Take-Two reported that new player growth rose by 47 percent during the period. Additionally, microtransaction sales–which are called “recurrent consumer spending” at Take-Two–rose year-over-year for Red Dead Online by 96 percent, exceeding expectations.

In total, Red Dead Redemption II has sold 34 million copies to date. And more content is coming to

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