Medication used to treat a range of inflammatory diseases may be less safe than previously thought — ScienceDaily

Glucocorticoids are steroids widely prescribed to treat a range of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. While high doses of steroids are known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, the impact of lower doses is unknown. A study published in PLOS Medcine by Mar Pujades-Rodriguez at Leeds University and colleagues suggests that even low doses of glucocorticoid may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

To quantify glucocorticoid dose-dependent cardiovascular risk, researchers analyzed medical records of 87,794 patients diagnosed with 6 different immune-mediate inflammatory diseases receiving care from 389 United Kingdom primary care clinics in 1998-2017. The researchers found that for patients using less than 5 miligrams prenisolone per day, the absolute risk of cardiovascular disease nearly doubled compared to patients not using glucocorticoids (Hazard Ratio = 1.74; 95% confidence interval 1.64-1.84). Increased dose-dependent risk ratios were found across all CVDs measured, including atrial figrillation, heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, peripheral arterial disease,

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Storing carbon through tree planting, preservation costs more than researchers thought

Dec. 1 (UPI) — Planting trees and protecting forests are two of the myriad strategies for keeping carbon out of the atmosphere.

Of all the options, they’re considered the most eco-friendly, or greenest, but new research suggests planting and protecting trees does come with costs — and those costs are quite a bit larger than has been previously estimated.

According to a new study, published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, planting trees and conserving forests could reduce carbon dioxide emissions by as much 6 gigatons a year between 2025 and 2055.

Researchers calculated the reductions would come with an annual price tag of $393 billion.

“There is a significant amount of carbon that can be sequestered through forests, but these costs aren’t zero,” study co-author Brent Sohngen, professor of environmental economics at the Ohio State University, said in a news release.

According to Sohngen and his colleagues, previous studies

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Madrid opens new hospital, CDC study suggests COVID was in US earlier than thought

Bipartisan Senate group pitching $900 billion stimulus plan — 10:45 a.m.

A bipartisan group of senators is set to unveil a $908 billion stimulus proposal, according to people familiar with the plan, in an effort to break a monthslong impasse that’s now threatening to tip the economy back into contraction.

Neither Republican nor Democratic leadership has signed on to the plan, however, leaving it facing the same long odds that a failed bipartisan House proposal faced before Election Day. President-elect Joe Biden has so far backed House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who has pushed a $2.4 trillion bill.

Under the new proposed compromise, businesses would get a roughly $300 billion infusion for a version of the Paycheck Protection Program of forgivable loans, and state and local governments would get $240 billion, including money for schools, according to two people familiar with the proposal.

Without patients or staff, Madrid opens new $119M

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Earth is 2,000 light years closer to the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole than previously thought

A new map of the Milky Way created by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan shows Earth is spiraling faster and is 2,000 light years closer to the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy than was previously thought. 

In 1985, the International Astronomical Union announced that Earth was 27,700 light years away from the black hole, named Sagittarius A*. But a 15-year analysis through Japanese radio astronomy project VERA found that the Earth is actually only 25,800 light years away. They also found that Earth is moving 7 km/s faster than they previously believed.

Sagittarius A* and black holes of the like are dubbed “supermassive” for a reason — they are billions of times more massive than the sun. 

But the NAOJ said there is no need to worry, as the latest data does not indicate the planet is “plunging towards the black hole.” It just means

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Earth is 2,000 light-years closer to supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy than we thought | World

More than a century ago, Albert Einstein developed his famous theory of relativity. The idea that space and time are linked together means that time travel might be possible … one day, once physicists figure out how it works.

However, travelers and archeologists have known for centuries that the opportunity to step back in time already exists. Yes, really. By visiting archeological sites around the world, you can see how the city of Pompeii worked right before it was covered in volcanic ash, the lost Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, incredible cave drawings in Brazil and Spain, and even the wealthy trading hub of Petra—no flux capacitor required. Even just learning about archeological findings from home, like the Rosetta Stone and its captivating code or a 44,000-year-old pictorial story from Sulawesi, Indonesia, offers a deeper appreciation for collective ancestors and a humbling reminder of our place in the universe.

When

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Earth is closer to supermassive black hole at center of our galaxy than we thought

This map has suggested that the center of the Milky Way, and the black hole which sits there, is located 25,800 light-years from Earth. This is closer than the official value of 27,700 light-years adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1985, the National Observatory of Japan said.

New type of black hole detected in massive collision that sent gravitational waves with a 'bang'

What’s more, according to the map, our solar system is traveling at 227 kilometers per second as it orbits around the galactic center — this is faster than the official value of 220 kilometers per second, the release added.

These updated values are a result of more than 15 years of observations by the Japanese radio astronomy project VERA, according to an announcement released Thursday from the National Observatory of Japan. VERA is short for VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry and refers to the mission’s array of telescopes, which use Very Long Baseline Interferometry to explore the three-dimensional structure of the Milky
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Rackspace Technology Announces Cloud and Innovation Thought Leadership Strategy Series Virtual …

SAN ANTONIO, Nov. 09, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Rackspace Technology™ (NASDAQ: RXT), a leading end-to-end multicloud technology solutions company, will co-sponsor the Cloud — The Enabler of Innovation virtual event with Amazon Web Services (AWS) and International Air Transport Association on November 12 at 10:00 am CT. This webinar is part of the company’s Solve Thought Leadership Strategy Series.

Tolga Tarhan, CTO at Rackspace Technology, will deliver a keynote on how the cloud is necessary to maximizing the potential of forward-thinking techniques like DevOps and cloud native, as well as innovations in serverless and containers. As more customers look to these game-changing approaches in order to innovate, the role of cloud technologies and partners will become an essential factor to success.

“As technology continues to shift at a rapid pace, it’s becoming increasingly difficult for customers to keep pace with the competition,” said Tarhan. “To differentiate, organizations need to innovate

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Exposure to Ebola viruses may be more frequent and widespread than previously thought — ScienceDaily

Scientists found antibodies to Ebola virus in people up to a year before the 2018 Ebola virus disease outbreak began in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC. This suggests that either early cases may have been missed or that exposure occurs more commonly than previously thought, according to a study led by the University of California, Davis.

The study, published today in the journal One Health Outlook, also documents the first detection of antibodies to Bombali ebolavirus in a person, showing that spillover of that virus from bats to humans has likely occurred. Scientists from the UC Davis One Health Institute and Columbia University discovered Bombali virus — a sixth ebolavirus species — in bats in Sierra Leone in 2018.

“This study highlights that, yes, these are lethal diseases, but there’s a range of severity — not everyone who is exposed dies,” said lead author Tracey Goldstein,

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Strange rings around protostar suggests planets form earlier than thought

Rings detected around a newborn star may suggest that planets are born earlier than previously thought, a new study finds.

Stars are born from dense clouds that collapse in on themselves under the force of their own gravity. As the blanket of gas and dust surrounding a nascent star, or protostar, shrinks over time, a disk forms around it that can give rise to baby planets, or protoplanets.

“Planets form out of the dusty material that surrounds protostars in a disk,” study lead author Dominique Segura-Cox, an astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany, told Space.com. “Rings in these disks show where dust is piling up, making it easier to stick together to form a young planet.”

Previous research found rings and gaps in disks around protostars as young as about 1 million years old, such as HL Tauri, located about 450 light-years

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Study finds ancient Gravettian art culture much more widespread than thought — ScienceDaily

Recently discovered rock art from caves in Northern Spain represents an artistic cultural style common across ancient Europe, but previously unknown from the Iberian Peninsula, according to a study published October 28, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Diego Garate of the Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria, Spain, and colleagues.

The history of ancient human art includes various cultural complexes characterized by different artistic styles and conventions. In 2015, new instances of rock art were discovered in three caves in Aitzbitarte Hill in northern Spain, representing an artistic style previously unknown from the Iberian Peninsula. In this study, Garate and colleagues compare this artistic style to others from across Europe.

The artwork in the Aitzbitarte caves consists mostly of engravings of bison, complete with the animals’ characteristic horns and humps. The authors note the particular style in which the animals’ horns and legs are drawn, typically

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